What is Difference Between Percocet and Valium
May 11, 2019 By PRAVIND VERMA 0

What is Difference Between Percocet and Valium

Percocet is a combination medication containing an opioid (oxycodone) and a non-opioid (Acetaminophen) used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. While Valium comes from the benzodiazepine family of drugs prescribed to treat anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, muscle spasm, seizure and sometimes given for the sedative cause.

Buy Percocet Online

Buy Percocet online which is a short-term prescription to get relief in moderate to severe pain. Percocet is a Schedule II controlled substance and is a combination of Oxycodone and Acetaminophen.

Oxycodone is a mu-agonist opioid and works as a pain reliever, and Acetaminophen is a non-opioid that helps to reduce fever. Buy Percocet online which is marketed under other trade names like Roxicet, Primlev, Endocet, Xartemis XR.

Buy Valium Online

Buy Valium Online whose generic name is Diazepam and is an anti-anxiety medication prescribed for the treatment of anxiety, muscle spasm, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures.

It belongs to the family of benzodiazepine also known as Tranquilizer which is the class of Psychoactive drugs. The other trade names of Valium include Diastat, Diastat Acudial, Diazepam Intensol, Vazepam.

How Percocet works?

Percocet is an opioid and works on opioid receptors present in the brain and other body parts like the spinal cord and gastrointestinal tract. After ingestion of Percocet, it acts by attaching to receptors and reducing transmission of pain sensation.

Though it does not work on the source of pain as it only reduces the sensation of pain. The effect of opioid that is Oxycodone present in the medication is more because the Acetaminophen effects are not potentially equal.

How Valium Works?

Valium is a benzodiazepine and acts to slow down brain activity. It works to enhance the action of neurotransmitters present in the brain. Neurotransmitters are the chemicals present in the brain for the transmission of an impulse from one cell to another cell.

It especially enhances Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitters by increasing its label which helps to slow down brain activity and creating a feeling of calm.

It is an anti-depressant that makes relax and promote sleep. It works as an anti-anxiety agent which helps reduce anxiety and improves mental disorders.

Dosage of Percocet 

The dose of medication is recommended mostly according to the severity of pain and response of the body to it. There is different strength of Percocet as per its constituents and dosage vary accordingly –

  • Percocet 2.5/325mg – This is the lowest strength tablet of Percocet with 2.5mg Oxycodone and 325mg Acetaminophen prescribed for acute pain. Initially, one or two tablets of this strength at every 4-6hours is preferred to relieve acute pain in adults. It can be maximized up to 12 tablets in 24 hours.
  • Percocet 7.5/325mg – Here, the Oxycodone amount increases and is prescribed to take one tablet every 4-6 hours in a day. Maximum 8 tablets can be taken in a day.
  • Percocet 7.5/500mg – This composition of the tablet is increased with Acetaminophen amount and keeping Oxycodone amount the same and is prescribed for moderate to moderately pain.
  • Percocet 10/325mg It is the stable composition with the highest amount of Oxycodone and is prescribed for moderate to severe pain with less amount of Acetaminophen for controlled effect on the liver.
  • Percocet 10/650mg – This combination is the most potent available tablet of Percocet which is used to get relief in severe pain.

The amount of Acetaminophen must not increase 4g/day for adults to avoid undesirable effects on the liver. Dosage should be adjusted in case of renal or hepatic impairment.

The medication must not be stopped suddenly; otherwise, withdrawal symptoms may occur. In order to discontinue, it should be decreased gradually.

Dosage of Valium 

The dose of Valium is recommended according to the need of a prescription, and it varies for adults, children and old age people. The dosage prescribed to adults according to the requirement is given as below-

Valium For Anxiety Disorder

Valium is an anti-anxiety agent that is also prescribed for the treatment of panic attacks. The dose varies from 2 to 10mg tablets every six hours a day to get short-term relief for anxiety symptoms or other mood disorders.

For Alcohol Withdrawal

When the medication is prescribed for alcohol withdrawal, then on the first day of treatment 10mg tablet should be given every 4 hours. After that, it can be reduced to 5 to 3 mg as per the response of the body.

Muscle Spasm

Valium act as a muscle relaxant and it is prescribed as 2mg to 10mg dose taken every 6 to 8 hours to get relief.

For Seizure Control

Valium is an anti-convulsant that acts as a mood stabilizer. It is recommended as 2 to 10 mg dose to be taken in case of epileptic seizure 2 to 4 times a day.

The dosage for the geriatric patient is controlled up to 2 to 2.5mg one to two times a day. If further required, it can be increased gradually as per the response of the body.

For paediatrics, the dosage is prescribed 1 to 2.5mg two to three times a day. The CNS active medication should be continued with a lower dosage and can be increased gradually if required. Newly born babies under six months must not be prescribed the drug.

Side effects of Percocet and Valium

The side effects of Percocet and Valium which commonly occurred are mostly the same. They include-

  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Lightheadedness

However, there is a difference between Percocet and Valium in terms of adverse side effects of taking this medication.

Adverse side effects of Valium include anxiety, agitation, hallucination, confusion, depression, memory loss, slurred speech, the problem in urination, yellowish eyes and skin.

Some severe side effects of Percocet include sudden lowering of blood pressure or hypotension, fainting, seizure, trouble breathing and severe allergic reactions.

Differences between Percocet and Valium

The main difference lies between Percocet and Valium is the class of drugs to which they belong. Percocet is a combination of opioid analgesic and non-opioid while Valium is an anxiolytic and anti-convulsants belonging to the family of benzodiazepine.

Percocet works on opioid receptors present in neurons while Valium works on GABA neurotransmitters which are chemicals released by the brain for impulse transmission.

Percocet is used as a pain reliever for acute and moderate pain while Valium acts as an anti-anxiety medication as well as a muscle relaxant. It also perceives anti-convulsant properties to improve on the seizure. It helps to recover alcohol withdrawal.